WP3 – Non-technical feasibility
WP3 aims to assess whether key elements of the electricity transition pathways, especially the rate of the transitions, modeled in WP2 are feasible. Whereas the models used in WP2 identify optimal electricity pathways based on technical constraints such as resource availability and intermittency challenges, WP3 draws on empirical material to identify non-technical constraints such as the rate of innovation, investment and institutional and social change. We will then go on to develop policy solutions, mixes and sequences that can relieve these constraints and enhance the feasibility of electricity transition pathways.
Objectives of WP3
Construct feasibility spaces for the rapid implementation of the most critical elements of the pathways, such as
- Expansion of low-carbon power generation (onshore and offshore wind, distributed solar, the future of nuclear power);
- Expansion of hydrogen technologies, including production, supply, and storage; and
- The phase-out of fossil fuels (coal and natural gas) in Northern Europe (e.g., coal phase-out in Poland).
- Translate the insights from first objective into benchmarks for interpreting parameters of the pathways produced in WP2, especially deployment rates, in order to identify, in collaboration with WP2, the feasibility constraints and trade-offs related to these key elements relevant for specific pathways and elaborating pathways that stay within these constraints.
- Identify and analyze policy mixes that can trigger the implementation of the transition pathways in the context of Swedish and EU energy and climate policies (e.g., the EU ETS) and strategies linked to the EU Green Deal.